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Eusandalum appears to be a solitary ectoparasitoid and to only attack Prodoxus larvae. Adults have a brownish-green color and are excellent jumpers. The abdomen of females resembles a cone and appears extremely large in comparison to the rest of the body. Eusandalum has been collected from northern Mexico, Arizona, California, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah.


Female Eusandalum.

Eusandalum larva extracted from gallery of Prodoxus y-inversus in fruit of Yucca baccata

Species utilized


Individual parasitoid genera

Click on the links below to learn more about each genus.

Eupelmidae:   | Eusandalum | Eupelmus |

Eurytomidae: | Eurytoma | Eudecatoma |

Braconidae:   | Heterospilus | Digonogastra |